What Are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are cells with the potential to develop into many different types of cells in the body. They serve as a repair system for the body. There are two main types of stem cells: embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. We only use Adult Stem Cells (ASC) because of ethical reasons as well as easy availability from healthy newborn baby umbilical cords. ASCs are undifferentiated cells found living within specific differentiated tissues in our bodies that can renew themselves or generate new cells that can replenish dead or damaged tissue. You may also see the term “somatic stem cell” used to refer to adult stem cells. Stem cells are different from other cells in the body in three ways: They can divide and renew themselves over a long time; They are unspecialized, so they cannot do specific functions in the body; They have the potential to become specialized cells, such as muscle cells, blood cells, and brain cells. Stem cells are the foundation cells for every organ and tissue in our bodies. The highly specialized cells that make up these tissues originally came from an initial pool of stem cells formed shortly after fertilization. Throughout our lives, we continue to rely on stem cells to replace injured tissues and cells that are lost every day, such as those in our skin, hair, blood, and the lining of our gut. Our joints and tendons lose access to our stem cells as we get older and development ends in puberty. That is why we have difficulty healing injuries in our knees and shoulders, for example
Where do they Come From?
Mesenchymal stem cells can reduce inflammation, instigate our body to repair damaged tissues and sometimes replace damaged or lost tissues. Mesenchymal stem cells are taken from the placentas of healthy newborn babies who, along with their parents, have been tested and cleared for infectious diseases and genetic abnormalities. Because they are biologically younger, they don’t react with your own tissue and are more robust in their response to injuries
Advantages of umbilical cord tissue:
Supplement and replace damaged or inadequate connective tissue and cells utilizing regenerative molecules.
Modulates and reduces the inflammation of the injured area with anti-inflammatory cytokines.
Incorporates with the damaged tissue at the site of injury without rejection due to immunosuppressive properties.
Provides a complete range of natural cellular scaffolding and growth factors to promote the regenerative process.
Does not require invasive procedures like bone marrow aspiration, or adipose tissue extraction, resulting in shorter procedure time and faster recovery with less pain
These stem cells are much younger than those found in your body, and therefore they have more capacity to repair damage and are less susceptible to degenerative disease.